The study of an ideologized and activist organiation like the Majlis-i-Ahrar-i-Islam(MAI) is actually a journey through several inter-related domains including political Islam, South Asian Muslim identity politics, and the metamorphosis of Punjab from a bastion of the Raj to a sword arm for the Pakistan Movement. Here, the agitational pattern was moulded by the complex mix of region, culture, class, creed, oratory, and populist politics. Moreover, a close survey of the activities of MAI, enables us to understand the rural-urban dichotomy. The Ahrar leaders brought a synthesis between the divergent forces of modernity and tradition by manipulating the print culture, trans-regional Islam and composite Indian nationalism. Yet this leadership was overtaken by even larger movements (INC and AIML), which offered more comprehensive and competitive programmes. The investigation of an organization like the MAI reveals the centrality of politics of personalities and issues within a broad political and ideological context.
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