In the classical Marshallian framework, citizenship was visualized in terms of a contradictory relation to capitalism. The three components of citizenship, under the scheme Marshall espoused, referring to civil, political and social, were coterminous with the expansion of the right to free speech, right to participation and economic welfare. Marshall believed that the progressive interlinkages between these three aspects of societal dynamics would provide an effective check, if not overcome the growing inequalities and displacements that accompany the rise of capitalism. However, this capacity of progressively linking the economic, political and the social has been accrued more effectively by and in the course of the movement of capital, as against those resisting it. Capitalism over the last few decades has developed an uncanny ability to combine micro-management visible in the unprecedented growth and reach of its technologies of governance, with the capacity to keep the borders porous enough for the purposes of mobility of capital in search of new avenues of investment and plundering of raw material/natural ‘resources’.
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